The Jews of the Second Temple period were fiercely monotheistic. At the core of this Jewish monotheism was the Shema of Deuteronomy 6:4-5. But this monotheism was far more than a theological belief regarding divine ontology. It was a declaration that the one creator God is sovereign over everything, that He is the God of Israel, that He would vindicate His people through an end-time resurrection, and it was a repudiation of all other claims to deity, be they idols or emperors. One such Jew was Saul of Tarsus, a pharisee zealous for the one true God. While setting out on the road to Damascus to persecute the followers of The Way, he encountered the resurrected Jesus. In this lecture Michael Emadi examines how Paul's meeting with the risen Jesus reframed his view of monotheism and the implications this had for his Jewish theology. This lecture is part of the curriculum for ET 512 New Testament Introduction.